(EnergyAsia, December 26, Friday) — Kazakhstan has agreed to ship oil across the Caspian Sea to Azerbaijan from where it will be transported via the 1,770-kilometer Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) oil pipeline to the Turkish port of Ceyhan for export to western Europe.

Kazakh shipment volumes are expected to reach 1.2 million b/d after 2013.

The move is bound to anger Moscow as it is aimed at undercutting Russia’s role as a major oil transit route for Kazakhstan’s oil. So far, Kazakhstan is relying heavily on Russian routes to export its oil.

Separately, officials from Turkey, Georgia, Poland, Ukraine, Lithuania, Estonia, Bulgaria and Hungary have agreed to cooperate on diversifying oil export routes for Caspian oil and gas in an effort to bypass Russia.